black mould disease | black mold on carpet

I’m still researching the difference between these filters, but one of the big advantages of the IQAir seems to be that it filters particles as small as 0.003 microns. This is 10 times smaller than a virus. Given that a lot of the most harmful particles are ultrafine, this may be a significant advantage over the Blueair, which only filters particles as small as 0.1 microns. But this is not my area of expertise and I am still learning more.
Fisk and colleagues reviewed thirty-three studies to assess the risk of health effects in individuals who spent time in damp, moldy environments. Subjects were adults and children. They found that upper respiratory tract symptoms, cough, wheeze, and asthma were more frequent in people who spent time in damp spaces.8
Some mold remediation companies also do restoration work, just like a general contractor. Restoration can often cost far more than the remediation depending on the style of home, building materials used, etc.
When you’re done using any of these methods you may want to finish up with baking soda, a natural disinfectant. Spray the area with a mixture of 1/2 tsp baking soda and a cup of water. Scrub the area clean and rinse with water. If you use vinegar or hydrogen peroxide then finish with baking soda you’ll be sure to get all the mold with this double attack on it!
A challenge for conventional medical practitioners in diagnosing toxic mold illness has been that symptoms as well as laboratory tests tend to present somewhat differently across sufferers (and may change over time for particular individuals).
test. Any mold Dr’s in VA? Any one here using attorneys? Do I have to lose everything? I’m disabled…my service dog has shown symptoms off & on…she does not go in with me when I tend to the cat 2 times a week & I wear a mask but I’m still effected when I go in apt.
I say this because I am a huge fan of you: remember that much of your readership are not the Bay Area upper-middle class folks you often cater to. While you may say that it was worth it to you to spend so much on air filters, its a punch in the gut to us whom $4000 is a small fortune, to assume that there’s any way in hell we can beg borrow or steal an $800 air filter, much less even more than a months supply of probiotics. It’s hard to hear you call it “worth it”: as if suggesting that all your readers can just shift our budgets around a bit to accommodate the extra expense, or work a little harder. To put it in perspective, $800 is how much I make per month, total. $4000 is how much I make in 4- 5 months. And I have it pretty good compared to many.
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THANKS, Chris, for this very informative article. I too am of the dreaded 2%, who can’t detox these biotoxins, and have Lyme , co infections, viruses, mercury, lead toxicity, autoimmune diseases, among other things. Anyway, I always love your articles, which are so informative, and I so appreciate your sharing your knowledge and wisdom with all of us!
You probably don’t need to have your air ducts cleaned unless there is mold growing inside, they are infested with vermin or they are excessively clogged with debris. Duct cleaning costs between $400 and $1,000. The National Air Duct Cleaners Association cautions consumers against air duct cleaning companies that make sweeping claims about health benefits of their services and/or are not upfront about fees.
One non-toxic cleaning agent for mold removal is “Molderizer” and you can get it in 32oz as well as by the gallon. I believe the 32oz can be found for under $20 and the gallon size for just under $50.
Toxic black mold mycotoxins can be breathed in, ingested, or absorbed through a person’s skin or eyes. Eventually the mycotoxins then find their way into the person’s blood. This leads to heart damage, problems with blood clotting and internal or external hemorrhaging.
The EPA encourages homeowners to have their houses tested for radon. Quick tests ($8-$25) take three to seven days and are available at hardware stores and online; a 90-day continuous monitoring assessment (about $25 for a DIY kit; $150 for a professional inspection), which accounts for peaks and lows, will produce more thorough results. If your home has more than 4 pCo/L (picocuries per liter of air), hire a professional contractor to seal cracks and to install a venting system. You can also reduce your risk by increasing natural ventilation throughout the house and not smoking.
Chlorophyll is in green vegetables, especially dark green leafy ones, so eat them regularly. Chlorella, spirulina and phytoplankton are three of the best sources of chlorophyll; they’re available in a variety of supplement forms.
I think rubber should be banned from the home. On my razor handle, they use rubber; it now has mold. Modern shower heads use rubber in the holes. I wanted to buy a new blender; I noticed with glass blenders, they tend to have rubber. I suspect in many places, the rubber is often black.
When you’re sure the mold has been eliminated, seal the wood surfaces with pigmented shellac like BIN or an oil-based primer like KILZ. Repaint cleaned wall surfaces with a regular latex paint that contains a mildewcide to help stop future mold growth. Then install new insulation and drywall and nail the trim back on. And keep in mind that if the moisture returns, mold will return.
If mold remains even after scrubbing in step 4, it’s time to take reach for the sandpaper. When considering how to remove mold from wood, an abrasive might not seem like the obvious solution. It may seem counterintuitive, but sanding is the only way to reach the mold deep within the wood. Work the sandpaper slowly around the affected area until you see no more signs of mold. After sanding, it’s a good idea to refinish the wood, not only for appearances’ sake, but also to prevent a future outbreak. Finally, get rid of all the rags and such that came into contact with the mold, and start trying to figure out how to limit the amount of moisture present in the area where you’ve been working.
Did an empty hot cycle with bleach, a lot of cleaner just for some stubborn mold patches, but smells a lot better. I have only recently started having this problem, and have never had this problem with previous machines, but I have also recently changed from using powder detergents to liquid…I’m going back to powder!!!!
Ammonia: Mix a solution of 50% “clear” ammonia and 50% water. Do not mix with bleach, as this will create an extremely toxic, dangerous fume. After spraying the solution on effected area, leave it for 2-3 hours before rinsing.
Skin prick test. This test uses diluted amounts of common or suspected allergens, such as molds found in the local area. During the test, these substances are applied to the skin in your arm or back with tiny punctures. If you’re allergic, you develop a raised bump (hive) at the test location on your skin.

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Air disintegration machines only disintegrate mold spores that can be disintegrated up to 400°. In order to disintegrate tricothecene you need a disintegrator that can disintegrate that particular mycotoxin with a machine that disintegrates molds/mycotoxins above 500°. Do you know of any disintegrator that kills spores above 500°?
In 2004 the Institute of Medicine (IOM) found there was sufficient evidence to link indoor exposure to mold with upper respiratory tract symptoms, cough, and wheeze in otherwise healthy people; with asthma symptoms in people with asthma; and with hypersensitivity pneumonitis in individuals susceptible to that immune-mediated condition. The IOM also found limited or suggestive evidence linking indoor mold exposure and respiratory illness in otherwise healthy children. In 2009, the World Health Organization issued additional guidance, the WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality: Dampness and Mould [PDF – 2.65 MB]. Other recent studies have suggested a potential link of early mold exposure to development of asthma in some children, particularly among children who may be genetically susceptible to asthma development, and that selected interventions that improve housing conditions can reduce morbidity from asthma and respiratory allergies, but more research is needed in this regard.
Put undiluted white distilled vinegar into a spray bottle and spray the vinegar directly on the moldy area(s). Let it set without any rinsing or scrubbing. This is a smelly natural mold remedy, but it’s said to be highly effective and the vinegar scent will fade.
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black mold on wall | natural black mold removal

100-150). Is suing the company for all I’ve lost and the cost of the move feasible? I’ve been here in this place for 19yrs and now have to start with a new mortgage and the cost of moving is crippling to me!!! Any advice or comments would be appreciated.
Great article – very helpful! One thing about the HLA’s that continues to confuse me is the groupings (multi-susceptible, mold, chronic lyme, etc.) For ex. if you have a mold specific haplotype like 17-2-52A does that mean that you are ONLY susceptible to mold? And not other biotoxins like lyme and dinoflagellates? Or if you have a lyme specific HLA like 15-6-51, are you only susceptible to Lyme and not to mold?
The goal of this website is to help those, who have become sick and are suffering with the many challenging symptoms of mold exposure, regain their health. We offer advice to help reduce symptoms and remove mold toxins! This website will go through the following helpful steps to explain what to do if you suspect this may be the cause of your symptoms and then we will show you what different types of treatment work best to recover your health.
Cut the area out with a utility knife. Saw along the line with your knife, pointing it out and away from you as you work. When the patch of drywall comes free, carefully remove it and set it down, mold-side up, on the plastic.
Yep, Chris has a following of little rich brats who are the ones following his every suggestion and buying these items. See how he doesn’t answer the questions of the great unwashed suckers w real health problems? That is while he and his family splurge on preventives, at the expense of the suckers who are truly sick and who also have come to see him (oh, IN THE BAY AREA) after a blood soaking rigid protocol of getting thru his henchmen at the front end not to mention the 2k for a lousy needle pricker.
In Houston, short-term rescue funding is essential to saving lives, and supporting it is politically necessary. But most of the looming threats to human wellbeing will outlast the immediate displays of concern. They will play out when the water and the cameras are gone, and when emergency funds allocated to Houston are exhausted. Mold will mark the divide between people who can afford to escape it and people for whom the storm doesn’t end.
The advice I got from Dr. Ackerley is to buy the “swiffer cloth” HERTSMI test from http://www.mycometrics.com. She said not to trust anything else at this point. Use the cloth to wipe surfaces in all rooms – top of bookshelves, doors etc. Places that don’t get cleaned often. When the results come back you can decide if you want to pay extra to get full ERMI results. This is significantly cheaper than having an inspector come and gives you a good first indication of where you stand. I am waiting for our results at the moment.
Seek professional help for problems you cannot address on your own. Black mold is especially toxic and should be handled by professional. For other types of mold, if the mold extends throughout a large portion of your drywall, you will likely need professional help to fix the problem. Professional mold removal services may also be necessary if you have a damp house, if a family member suffers from respiratory problems, or if the mold continues to come back or spreads.
Please don’t lose hope. The best thing you can do right now is to leave even if for a week or 2 the place with the problem and see if you begin things feel better. If you do then you know is the mold and you will do anything including sleeping in your car or a tent to allow your body some reprieve so it can begin to heal until you can find a place with minimal or no mold at all. I pray God gives you the strength, the means attend wisdom to begin a journey of healing and rest. May the Lord bless you in Jesus’ name.
I wish you good luck with this. I pray a lot and I truly believe God brought me to this specialist. The sad part is that many general practitioners and internists don’t know anything about this and don’t care. They just want to put you on pain killers, anti-inflammatory drugs and anti-depressants.
hi, my name is Liesle I’m having the same problem. I’m trying to get my case together bc I’m going to see the owner in court.I wish you the best. My biggest problem was I was disabled before this. and all the mold doctors don’t take insurance. wheat do I do, I don’t have the money for this. Its a silent killer. Because not enough people know enough about it. Good luck to you, N I’ll be praying for you and everyone!!!
Some mold remediation companies also do restoration work, just like a general contractor. Restoration can often cost far more than the remediation depending on the style of home, building materials used, etc.
Thanks for getting the word out on the critical topic that even many functional medicine doctors remain unaware of. I recently wrote an article about the toxic effects of mold after finding mold in my office (http://www.jillcarnahan.com/2015/02/08/toxic-mold-exposure-cause-symptoms/) So important we educate our patients and other docs, too!
The mold remediation industry is not well regulated in most states. Therefore, it is very easy for a customer to be taken advantage of. If you do need a professional remediation, do your homework and protect yourself.
To test this idea, Reid and his colleagues placed slime molds in a petri dish behind a U-shaped barrier that blocked a direct route to a piece of food. Because the barrier was made of dry acetate, the slime molds could not stick to it and climb over it; instead, they had to follow the contours of the U toward the food. Ultimately, 23 of 24 slime molds reached the goal. But when Reid coated the rest of the petri dish in extracellular slime before introducing the slime molds, only eight of 24 found the food. All that preexisting slime confused the slime molds, preventing them from marking different areas as explored or unexplored. Reid thinks that a polycephalum in a labyrinth is similarly dependent on its slime, using it to first map the entire maze and then to remember which corridors are dead-ends.
A mold (US) or mould (UK / NZ / AU / ZA / IN / CA / IE) is a fungus that grows in the form of multicellular filaments called hyphae.[1][2] In contrast, fungi that can adopt a single-celled growth habit are called yeasts.
Hello, Sara. I’ve been sick for about a month and a half as has my mother. We also live in Louisville, KY. I was wondering if you have found a specialist close in this field so we could see them as well.
Plastic beverage bottles are sorted, ground into fine chips, cleaned, melted, extruded into a fiber and then spun into plush carpet yarn. Even the bottle caps and labels are used to create the cores on which the yarn is spun around.
Also Chaetonium was found The Asper/Pen was 27 times higher in livingroom where I sit than outdoor sample & bedroom was 14 (?) times higher…HERTSMI Mold Test will this stand up in court? Thank you for all your helpful info Chris!
Diagnosing and treating CIRS is not a “DIY proposition,” as it involves a lot of nuance and complexity that isn’t always apparent to clinicians and patients that are new to the condition. For example, C4a has to be run through Quest Diagnostics and then sent out to a specialized lab called National Jewish Laboratories in order to get an accurate result. I can’t tell you how many times patients have come to me with a C4a result run through Labcorp or another lab. It’s painful to have to tell them that we need to run these (sometimes expensive) labs again because they weren’t done properly in the first place.
I previously had a GE front loader and per advice on forums, draped a towel over the door to keep it propped open between washings. After about four years, the GE had to be replaced (my previous top-loading Whirlpool lasted 22 years).
Did as Alex suggested (above comment) in my Bosch – yes, another one of the pongy front loaders. Smells better. Now I’m going to clean around the rubber, then give it a further ‘Alex’ method with bleach, vinegar & hottest wash. We’ll see/smell the results.
http://cleansafecrawlspace.com

Hi Chris. Thanks so much for shining a light on the subject of mold. I’m just checking in to see if you have any further information from Dr. Ghosh about the safety of using the air oasis units while in the room or are you still just using them when not in the room? If so, I’m considering some programmable wifi outlets where I could set up a schedule for them to run when I’m not home. Thanks.
Hi Patricia. I don’t know whether I tried the baking soda method based on just knowledge of baking soda, or having read someplace about its use for reducing mold odors. I have been participating in online discussion groups such as the GreenCanary email list on Yahoo! Groups for a long time. This method (storing books with baking soda) would be useless with live mold. Mold spores give off toxic chemicals that are by-products of their digestion, and these chemicals can inundate any material that is in the environment. Some items, such as a glass table, would be easily cleaned or would soon off-gas the chemicals once the live mold has been removed, but things such as books can absorb a lot of them and they remain for a long time. I did have a lot of success storing moldy-smelling things in a room with an air purifier (an Austin Air that has a lot of carbon in the filter). Books do not clean well this way though unless they are propped so that the pages are open slightly. I had some things that just could not be saved, for instance an antique storage trunk that visible mold colonies were infesting the interior paper lining. Other things such as clock radio/kitchen appliances/etc. I disassembled and cleaned as many parts as I could, leaving parts out in sunlight. That seemed to eradicate the mold odors in most cases, it’s a lot of work though! It’s difficult to sum up the methods for cleaning mold toxins from things. Various things need various methods. The acidity of vinegar can be useful for things that can tolerate it, I have used a spray bottle with diluted vinegar on box fans and other sturdy types of appliances that can be washed. Things that can’t be washed with water, often storing with baking soda or activated charcoal is the best thing. It seems like you have a good awareness about detoxing laundry. I find hanging things out in sunlight, if they’re fabric or something that do not have hidden areas like an appliance does, cleans them faster and easier than anything else. I was soaking some clothing items in changes of dishsoapy or detergent water for many weeks, they still reeked of mold, then I hung them outside for a few days and the mold smells vanished.
Skin problems like acne, eczema, and rosacea are epidemic, yet conventional treatments rarely work. Find out what really causes skin problems, and how simple dietary changes can restore the clear, beautiful skin you desire.
Be on the lookout for signs of a water leak or condensation: water stains that get bigger over time, musty odors, continually damp carpet, or beads of water or puddles on hard surfaces. When you do have water damage, thoroughly clean and dry carpets and building materials within 24 hours if possible, and consider replacing waterlogged items to eliminate the risk of mold.
Cytokines are cell signaling molecules that aid in communication during immune responses and stimulate the movement of cells toward sites of inflammation. Symptoms in this stage might include– headaches muscle aches, flu-like symptoms, fatigue, unstable temperature and difficulty concentrating. Tests included for stage two include:
Mold damage also harms the value of your home. Actual devaluation is subjective, but since severe cases of mold infestation can make it nearly impossible to insure a home, mold can render your home essentially unsellable. While the different kinds of spores might have slightly different growth patterns, all require moisture and warmth, and all should be eradicated when found.
The treatment for allergic reactions to mold is the same as the treatment for allergic reactions in general. Fungal infections that spread throughout the body that occur in people with weakened immune systems are typically treated in the hospital with special antifungal drugs and other measures to support breathing and circulation. Treatment of underlying conditions such as asthma is described in the article on asthma and depends on the severity type of symptoms the patient experiences.
Molds are various types of fungi (singular = fungus) that grow in filaments and reproduce by forming spores that can travel through the air. The term mildew is sometimes used to refer to some kinds of mold, particularly mold in the home with a white or grayish color or mold growing in shower stalls and bathrooms. Mold may grow indoors or outdoors and thrives in damp, warm, and humid environments. Mold can be found in essentially any environment or season.
Gary Sullivan of ‘On The House’ radio program recommends a product called Zyme-Away. Otherwise, thanks for providing this article — we have a lot of these natural products already so we’re ready to take on the mold menace!

black mold abatement | mold testing and removal

Even if there is no longer mold in your home a build up of mold spores can still cause allergic symptoms and can also lead to new mold growth. Vacuum and clean regularly to minimize allergy-causing spores.
You do not need to rinse the solution away afterwards although you can use a cloth to wipe away the mold and solution after some minutes if you like. The longer grapefruit seed extract is in contact with mold the more it will cut through and kill the mold colony and prevent mold from returning.
Alexander Fleming’s accidental discovery of the antibiotic penicillin involved a Penicillium mold called Penicillium notatum (although the species identity is disputed as possibly being Penicillium chrysogenum or Penicillium rubens).[13] Fleming continued to investigate Penicillin, showing that it could inhibit various types of bacteria found in infections and other ailments, but he was unable to produce the compound in large enough amounts necessary for production of a medicine.[14] His work was expanded by a team at Oxford University; Clutterbuck, Lovell, and Raistrick, who began to work on the problem in 1931. This team was also unable to produce the pure compound in any large amount, and found that the purification process diminished its effectiveness and negated the anti-bacterial properties it had.[14]
Reality: Poor indoor air quality (IAQ) is often a result of a leaky house, which allows uncontrolled air to pass through the building envelope. The nonprofit Building Performance Institute, which develops standards for residential energy efficiency retrofits, explains: “Warm, moist conditioned air passes from the living space though the walls on its way outside. When that warm air reaches the cooler temperatures within the wall cavity or inside a window frame, it drops the moisture on condensing surfaces, which can help contribute to mold.” Distribution of carbon monoxide from an attached garage into the home is another consequence of a leaky home, according to the American Lung Association.
Molds can also cause asthma attacks in people with asthma who are allergic to mold. In addition, mold exposure can irritate the eyes, skin, nose, throat and lungs of both mold-allergic and non-allergic people.
Mold toxin hyperreactivity (the tendency to be very negatively affected by even extremely small amounts of mold toxins in the environment) appears to be very strongly associated with toxic mold illness.
What is your take on the ‘walk away from all your possessions’ question? Mold was found in our crawlspace and in one bathroom. We’re waiting on the report for how bad it is. Most of the mold info seems to say that even with remediation your possesions can’t really be decontaminated.
You should also take commonsense precautions when it comes to electricity. All electrical outlets and switches should be covered by faceplates. Use the right light bulbs in all lamps and lights. Check the wattage requirements by looking inside the fixture.
Another set of experiments suggests that slime molds navigate time as well as space, using a rudimentary internal clock to anticipate and prepare for future changes in their environments. Tetsu Saigusa of Hokkaido University and his colleagues—including Nakagaki—placed a polycephalum in a kind of groove in an agar plate stored in a warm and moist environment (slime molds thrive in high humidity). The slime mold crawled along the groove. Every 30 minutes, however, the scientists suddenly dropped the temperature and decreased the humidity, subjecting the polycephalum to unfavorably dry conditions. The slime mold instinctively began to crawl more slowly, saving its energy. After a few trials, Saigusa and his colleagues stopped changing the slime mold’s environment, but every 30 minutes the amoeba’s pace slowed anyway. Eventually it stopped slowing down spontaneously. Slime molds did the same thing at intervals of 60 and 90 minutes, although, on average, only about half of the slime molds tested showed spontaneous slowing in the absence of an environmental change.
Thoroughly shake the spray bottle of mold-mitigating solution, then spray the affected area so it’s well-saturated. (Continue to shake the bottle repeatedly during this process in order to ensure the solution stays well mixed.) Allow the liquid to sit on the mold for 5 to 10 minutes so the antibacterial properties have time to work through the grime. Never scrape dried mold, or else the toxic spores could spread into air and cause negative health effects.
Sounds like you completely misunderstood my comment Brian. I am not dismissing or criticizing anything at all in the article. As the article was written almost 2 years ago I was asking Chris if he was still currently using these same models or if since writing, he had possibly considered some others since then. Sorry for any confusion caused. Have a great day!
Remove the source of moisture. As long as there’s a moisture source, there’s the potential for mold. After cleaning your mold problem, it’s essential that you remove the source of the moisture that caused the mold to grow in the first place.[14] Depending on where in the house the mold was, possible moisture problems could include:
One way is for a doctor to conduct a simple physical examination to identify if you have mold allergies. By identifying the visible physical symptoms along with you describing all your symptoms, the doctor can identify if you have allergic reactions caused by a mold allergy.
This tests for mycotoxins in the urine that the body excretes into the urine. The drawbacks of this test are that it is expensive although the price has come down and it is not fully covered by insurance. Also you should be on a detox program for the results to be accurate. Patients may order this test for themselves.There are two labs now that offer this test. SEE THE DIAGNOSIS PAGE FOR DETAILS. 
Many foam type products do not age well and they are porous so mold will be difficult to get rid of (if not impossible) when the mold or mildew gets deep into the cells or fibers of the cushion material.
Try a chlorine sanitizer you can pick up at a swimming pool company. The chlorine is much more concentrated than bleach. Mix with water at the rate on the bag if dry chlorine, or if liquid chlorine, at the rate described for a “shock” treatment for the pool. Then be generous with the wash: make sure the infected area is wet with the wash so it can soak down into the wall or floor material (OSB flooring could suffer swelling and warping – see article above). The chlorine will oxidize the mold and bleach it white. White means the mold is killed!
The Kōji (麹) molds are a group of Aspergillus species, notably Aspergillus oryzae, and secondarily A. sojae, that have been cultured in eastern Asia for many centuries. They are used to ferment a soybean and wheat mixture to make soybean paste and soy sauce. Koji molds break down the starch in rice, barley, sweet potatoes, etc., a process called saccharification, in the production of sake, shōchū and other distilled spirits. Koji molds are also used in the preparation of Katsuobushi.
The grout cleaning was fantastic. I have spend a lot of money and tried different methods to clean the grout in my kitchen and nothing worked After using this method my floor looks like the day we installed it.
you need to eat Doug Kaufmann’s Phase One Diet if you have a mold disease or fungus disease. Also, you need to alternate between ginger and Turmeric every other day for a month, then off a month, then on a month until the inflammation is gone. Don’t touch carbs or sugar if you have a fungal disease including mold. You have to kill the internal parasites for 70 ~ days then kill the fungus with antifungal herbs and eat greens uncooked, if you eat cooked foods, be sure to take enough digestive enzymes. Be sure you’re filled with fiber and probiotics, there’s none like Dr. Ohira’s probiotics, I’ve spoken to them… you can contact them and find the difference, it’s real. – didn’t send an email
Toxic black mold affects different people in different ways. Some people won’t experience symptoms as severe as what others experience. Children, the elderly and people with weak immune systems are usually the worst affected by toxic black mold.
Changing the filter is an essential part of keeping dust out of the air and preserving the life of the machine. Change the filter once it’s showing wear and tear or every six months if you’re using a HEPA filter.
Many of the above authors stated the need for standardized assessments of environmental mold coupled with clinical evaluation of the patients in question, including diagnosis of illness (particularly allergy and asthma) based on objective findings. In 2011, Reponen and colleagues published a study of 176 children followed from birth through age seven. A research tool developed and being evaluated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)16 was used to assess the children’s homes. The children themselves were evaluated for the presence of asthma at age one and again at age seven. It was found that children who lived in homes with higher levels of mold at age one were more likely than other children to have asthma by the age of seven. (Other risk factors for asthma included living without air conditioning and having a parent with asthma.) This still does not prove that molds cause asthma, but it does provide evidence that reducing the amount of mold in infants’ homes is a useful strategy to pursue. Footnote 1; Reference 17
Call Mike Schrantz with Environmental Analytics. He is in Tucson however I have sent him all over the place for our customers. His number is 520.488.6639. I have been working with him for years and you will not find anyone more comprehensive.

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Since it is the volatile oil that does the job you will want to tape the area off to keep it from all drifting away on the wind, and it is VERY strong (although not dangerous) so you probably don’t want to be where it is while it does its job. Just use plastic sheeting and/or wide sticky tape to seal off the area and MASK AND GLOVE AND EYE PROTECTION to stay safe. Any protection is far better than none. If you do any form of treatment that involves scrubbing the bold spores will be loose in the and and also in your lungs and on your skin and in your eyes). Skin is not a barrier and anything on your skin is also in your blood – including the chlorine in treated water (which no longer kills cryptosporidia, giardia or amoebic dysentery and HASN’T for 50 years) but it does cause miscarriages, cancer and spinna biffada among other things – peroxide and ozone are better water treatments)
Decongestant nasal sprays. These include oxymetazoline (Afrin, others). Don’t use these medications for more than three or four days, as they can cause congestion to come back with even worse symptoms when you stop using them. Other possible side effects include headache, insomnia and nervousness.
Work with your doctor or health care professional when using the treatments or protocols so that you can be monitored with blood work to check your kidney and liver function as your body eliminates the toxins.

how does black mold grow | can black mold kill

Before 1985, asbestos was used in more than 3,000 construction products, from flooring and insulation to soundproofing for strength and flame-resistance. The government outlawed asbestos after it was discovered that the mineral fiber causes lung cancer and mesothelioma.
Put mold, sponges and any materials coming in contact with moldy surfaces into heavy-duty garbage bags. Take them to the nearest exit, not through a clean house, so the mold spores won’t contaminate clean areas.
The perfect choice for this retro-style kitchen, natural linoleum has been popular for over 100 years. It is made from all raw materials, including linseed oil, resins and wood flour. Natural linoleum is often used in hospitals because its bactericidal properties stop microorganisms from multiplying and it is easy to clean.
I have small spots of Black mold and dark Yellow circles forming on my ceiling in my room and has increased within 6months but due to work, I have only just noticed how bad it has got. I have also spotted white fluffy mould on wood and Black material on my wardrobe. My Asthma seems to have come back as I have noticed a difference to my breathing. I also drink more water then usual. Would Tea tree oil help with the Black and Yellow mold? Any help or advice would be great. Since reading up on it, it has freaked me out.
Ammonia will react strongly with chlorinated bleach. Take care of you and Yours! Label your spray bottles for your mold cleaning solutions and always read the label for active ingredients before combining any solutions.
In the 1990s, several children in Cleveland, OH, developed pulmonary hemorrhage (bleeding in the lungs). One of those children died. A preliminary study identified exposure to mold, particularly mycotoxins from Stachybotrys chartarum, as a possible cause of these illnesses.23,24 On further review, however, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) determined that the earlier analyses were in error and that the cause remained unknown. CDC also noted that a similar cluster of cases in Chicago was not associated with mold exposure and that pulmonary hemorrhage was not consistent with what is known of exposure to this fungus.25
If mold is growing in your home, you need to clean up the mold and fix the moisture problem. Mold growth can be removed from hard surfaces with commercial products, soap and water, or a bleach solution of no more than 1 cup of household laundry bleach in 1 gallon of water.
Eliminating the moisture source is the first step at fungal remediation. Removal of affected materials may also be necessary for remediation, if materials are easily replaceable and not part of the load-bearing structure. Professional drying of concealed wall cavities and enclosed spaces such as cabinet toekick spaces may be required. Post-remediation verification of moisture content and fungal growth is required for successful remediation. Many contractors perform post-remediation verification themselves, but property owners may benefit from independent verification.
IVE TRIED THIS BAKING SODA AND VINEGAR SOLUTION, BUT IT DIDNT WORK VERY WELL. MAYBE I WILL JUST HAVE TO REPLACE THE TILES OR PAINT IT? THE FIRST THING IVE NOTICED WHEN I SEE THE PHOTO/VIDEO OF MELISSA WERE HER BOOBS!
However, after only a few days the odor returned, but only in certain areas, it seemed worse when the A/C kicked on, and it becomes breathtaking. I was terrified to think that we had moved into another house, with the same problem, too!
Hi – sorry you’re having to deal with this. I recently moved out of the house that made me sick, and took all my possessions with me because … well, because it didn’t occur to me not to. Then I did my research after the fact. I think there are several important, individual factors that affect the decision about what to keep or throw away.
Hi there, I need help! I have tried lemon juice and baking soda… white vinegar… and it is not removing the mold in my bathtub at all (or maybe it is and just the stain is left?). I left on the paste for 8 hours today and it didn’t lighten the dark spots. Is is possible it got so bad that the grout will need to be removed and then replaced with new grout? Thank you so much for your help!!
If you would like to talk with other people about what worked for them and what they did to help themselves, feel free to join Dr. Short-Ray’s facebook group called, The Toxic Mold Support Group. In this group you can converse with others who have been through the same thing on a private members only Facebook group page. This group has over 4500 members and is growing rapidly. Go to the Support web page. Just go to facebook.com and ask to join the Toxic Mold Support Group.
Donna, you can add a link to a comment here (so there’s no need to ever ask anyone to “Google” something that you know where it is). The only Google result for your quoted phrase was this article, because it appears in your comment. Here’s the article:
I bought a Hoover washer in March this year…I have recently noticed a smell on clothes after washing, and then saw black marks all along the bottom of the three door seals…have tried Dr. Beckmann Service It, but the marks are still there. I am an OAP & so have done a lot of washing, but I have never had this problem before. I am really fed up with the whole thing.
The very best way to protect yourself, your family and your home from mold is to prevent it! There is no substitute for preventative measures when it comes to mold infestation. Don’t rely on your insurance to make you whole when it comes to mold. Take your health and your home into your own hands and follow these simple steps to avoid mold (and check out this guide from the Insurance Information Institute for more information):
Thoroughly shake and beat the cushions smartly to get rid of any remaining baking soda. Apply white distilled vinegar and give the cushion a quick – but well covered light bath and allow to disinfect, kill odors and then allow to dry.
The borax solution may slow down the expansion of the mold growth or inhibit it. However, it is a “wet” solution. And, in a environment that is already rich with humidity, the borax solution may not be the best choice.
In a review of studies of children from ten countries, aged six to twelve, Antova and colleagues found that mold in the household correlated with a variety of respiratory disorders, including wheezing, coughing at night, and allergic symptoms and hay fever.12
Many people are diagnosed and treated for allergies by their primary care physicians. However, depending on the severity of your allergies, your primary care doctor may refer you to a doctor who specializes in treating allergies.
Also, go to the Social Support page to learn how to join our private Facebook group of over 3000 members called “The Toxic Mold Support Group” In this group you can talk with other people going through the same thing you are and get some advice and information as well.
If you want to use vinegar to prevent mold growing on surfaces just spray vinegar on the surface and leave it. Repeat this every few days to ensure the surface will stay mold-free. You can even mop your tiled bathroom floor or other hard non-porous floors with vinegar if you are worried about mold growing on them.
In 2004 the Institute of Medicine (IOM) found there was sufficient evidence to link indoor exposure to mold with upper respiratory tract symptoms, cough, and wheeze in otherwise healthy people; with asthma symptoms in people with asthma; and with hypersensitivity pneumonitis in individuals susceptible to that immune-mediated condition. The IOM also found limited or suggestive evidence linking indoor mold exposure and respiratory illness in otherwise healthy children.
“An acute and chronic, systemic inflammatory response syndrome acquired following exposure to the interior environment of a water-damaged building with resident toxigenic organisms, including, but not limited to fungi, bacteria, actinomycetes and mycobacteria as well as inflammagens such as endotoxins, beta glucans, hemolysins, proteinases, mannans and possibly spirocyclic drimanes; as well as volatile organic compounds.
Mold is a non-scientific term for many types of fungi – unwanted, unappealing patches of black, brown, yellow, pink, green, smelly, fuzzy growths. Countless species of mold are found both indoors and outdoors.
 I would recommend testing your urine for mycotoxins by contacting either of the two labs listed below that offer the urine mycotoxin test and have them send you a kit to bring to your doctor. This test checks for 3 mycotoxins in the urine:
Borax: Use a ratio of 1 cup Borax to 1 gallon water. Hot water will dissolve the Borax quicker. Although Borax doesn’t give off toxic fumes, it is less effective on carpets. It is recommended on hard, flat surfaces like tiles. Pour the solution into a spray bottle and spray. Let it sit for a few minutes, then use a scrubbing brush or cloth to wipe the mold away. There’s no need to rinse.
Activated charcoal can be taken as a supplement for mold cleansing. Most people don’t think about mold living in their bodies, but it can, and activated charcoal is a potent natural treatment. It traps toxins in the body, allowing them to be flushed out so the body doesn’t reabsorb them. Activated charcoal is made from a variety of sources, but when used for natural healing, it’s important to select activated charcoal made from coconut shells or other natural sources.
Melissa Maker is an entrepreneur, cleaning expert, founder of Toronto’s most popular boutique cleaning service, and star of the Clean My Space channel on YouTube (but she still hates to clean!). Every week, Melissa delivers new videos dishing expert advice on cleaning products, tools, DIY substitutes, and practical, timesaving solutions to everyday problems. Melissa has appeared on the Today Show, and has been featured in InStyle, Real Simple, and Better Homes and Gardens.
A HEPA filter that is capable of removing ultrafine particles (<0.1 microns) like mold, dust, pet dander, VOCs, and even viruses from the air. These ultrafine particles represent 90 percent of all airborne pollution that you breathe. I live in a housing complex and we have mold I clean the walls in the shower with Bleach. My Husband was a maintenance worker here and he did alot of repairs in the job Tearing down walls etc, He now has memory problems confusion nervousness etc. they say it is stages of Alzheimer’s. I am always tired and we at home seem very irritable can our symptoms be related to the mold? also can we get an air purifier? will that help? what can we use at home to help with the air quality? I always have our ac’s on on fan cycle. You can also use vinegar with hydrogen peroxide during the cleaning to more effectively remove the mold. Afterwards store the spray bottle in a dark place since light diminishes hydrogen peroxide's effectiveness. We lived for 2 years in a house that was constantly damp with mold issues. The entire time we were there my kids coughed, often to the point of vomiting. I was starting to think they were asthmatic. We moved into a new warm dry house and within a week there was absolutely no coughing and hasn’t been any since and that was 5 months ago. We had bought an air cleaner but it didn’t make a difference. Only getting out of that terrible house helped. Is sugar “toxic” in any amount—even in natural sweeteners? Are artificial sweeteners safe? What about stevia and xylitol? Cut through the confusion and hype and find out which sweeteners are safe for you and your family. Like the skin test the MELISA test detects allergies by applying allergens to the sample and identifying whether there is a heightened reaction. Also like the skin test the MELISA test does not measure the amount of a mold's toxins or allergens in a person's body, only whether the person has an allergic reaction to that mold. One of the most important things about remediation is that you should never EVER use bleach for removing mold, as it would make the problem worse. While diet is important in any case, it will not cure you of CIRS, if that is your problem. Look up a Shoemaker certified doctor on http://www.survivingmold.com. Many of them do phone consultations. Toxic burden is determined by two factors: the levels of toxic chemicals and microorganisms that we’re exposed to, and the function of our innate detoxification system. If our exposure to toxins is high and our detoxification system is compromised—due to genetic predisposition, environmental factors, or both—then our toxic burden will be high. As I mentioned in #2, up to 25 percent of the population is susceptible to CIRS and perhaps a majority of buildings are either water-damaged or have conditions that make mold growth possible. Combine these factors with the increase in inflammatory diseases (which can serve as priming events) that has occurred over the past few decades and you have an environment that is ripe for CIRS. Math scores have been flat since 2009 and reading scores since 1998, with just a third or so of students performing at a level the NAEP defines as “proficient.” Performance gaps between lower-income students and their more affluent peers, among other demographic discrepancies, have remained stubbornly wide. Fungi reproduce by means of spores which are spread through the air but land and survive on surfaces. Many spores can remain dormant for long periods under dry conditions, but typically develop into fungi in the presence of moisture. http://cleansafecrawlspace.com To put it bluntly, our industry is sadly full of scare tactics and misinformation about mold, and especially about Black Mold. We see misinformed media reports all the time about Black Mold. We also hear story after story of someone getting taken advantage of by an immoral contractor or unscrupulous company who uses misinformation and scare tactics to take advantage of vulnerable customers who are given bad information about mold and Black Mold. You have to open up the wall to get at the mold growing inside. Since you have to repair the wall anyway, don’t hesitate to cut the drywall back beyond the obvious damage to find all the mold and let the wall dry out. To avoid cutting electrical wires, poke a hole through the damaged section and locate the wires first. Turn off the power to the outlets before you cut. Mist the moldy drywall and insulation with the pump sprayer to avoid spreading mold spores. Double-bag moldy material in heavy-duty plastic bags and tie them shut. Many different types of molds can grow on food. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the types of mold that can be found in foods include Alternaria, Aspergillus, Botrytis, Cladosporium, Fusarium, Geotrichum, Monilia, Manoscus, Mortierella, Mucor, Neurospora, Oidium, Oosproa, Penicillium, Rhizopus, and Thamnidium. Certain kinds of cheeses are made with mold, like brie, gorgonzola, stilton, roquefort, and camembert. The mold that is part of the food manufacturing process is considered to be safe and does not pose health risks. It is also normal for dry-cured country ham and hard salami to have surface mold. The USDA has a helpful online resource that can show you which molds in food are safe and how to handle moldy foods. It is a vicious cycle – the foreign antigens (substances) stay in the body, causing the immune system to constantly fight back. This causes so much inflammation in the body that it leads to chronic illness, and the occurrence of many symptoms. Our entire being suffers from friendly fire from our own innate immune system. Many patients have stated that they became convinced that toxic mold was a factor in their illness not by any sort of medical testing but rather by getting totally away from their usual environment (including building, location and possessions) for an extended period of time and then observing their reactions to it when this “sabbatical” was over. [2] It is true that indoor molds can be destructive to the physical structures on which they grow. This has been a source of litigation when insurance companies have denied coverage for removing mold and repairing damaged structures. Borax is commonly used as a deodorizer as well as for cleaning toilets and drains. Borax is also used as an insecticide, herbicide and fungicide and it can be mixed with water in a solution to kill and remove mold as it is a natural mold inhibitor. You can buy borax in supermarkets for a few dollars from the laundry section. Had exrays, small white spots in lungs, Asthma & many other symptoms. I just found a place to move. I saw a Pulmonary Special last Fri & he sent out Blood (RASP) changed inhaler & started Singulair tabs. I go back on Mon for lab results. He mentioned maybe Itraconozole. He thinks condition might be Aspergiliosis. I gave my 30 day notice on Mon. My cat is still there but can’t move her until 21 or 22 Nov. I will do the ERMI Dr. Keith Berndston, a physician in Park Ridge, Illinois, has written a thorough summary of CIRS that I highly recommend reading. In it, he highlights the following criteria that a patient must meet to be diagnosed with CIRS (4): [otp_overlay] [redirect url='http://removeblackmold.info/bump' sec='']

mold effects on humans | what to use to kill black mold

The mold remediation industry is not well regulated in most states. Therefore, it is very easy for a customer to be taken advantage of. If you do need a professional remediation, do your homework and protect yourself.
Baking soda really do magic when it comes to bleaching. Aside from helping the teeth whiten, it can also be an alternative in cleaning the house especially those molds that grow in humid areas. Thanks for posting this. Great info.
Another misleading term is “toxic.” As the Centers for Disease Control explains, the mold itself isn’t actually poisonous. Some molds are, instead, “toxigenic, meaning they can produce toxins (specifically mycotoxins).” These chemical compounds sometimes attach to mold spores – reproductive seeds – and drift away in search of a new home. When they are inhaled, they may cause serious health issues. Fortunately, mold generally only releases spores when it is disturbed, such as by the breeze of a closing door or the vibration of a pounding hammer. In addition, the mold doesn’t release mycotoxins constantly, so even if spores are released, toxins may not. However, any mold is never healthy in a home – much less Stachybotrys – especially for individuals with lung problems, compromised immune systems or simply allergies to mold.
Hi Chirs, Thanks for this great article. I’m wondering if you’ve heard back from Dr. Ghosh about your questions regarding AO? I want to buy one, but I work from home and have 2 cats here as well. It would be hard to run it while not in the room since we have an open studio, and if we run it only when we’re out the cats would still be exposed. Dr. Shoemaker highly recommend I get one, but I’m still a bit concerned about the cats based on your comments about only running them while you’re not in the room. Do you run the AO around your pets (if you have pets?) Thanks!
I wish you good luck with this. I pray a lot and I truly believe God brought me to this specialist. The sad part is that many general practitioners and internists don’t know anything about this and don’t care. They just want to put you on pain killers, anti-inflammatory drugs and anti-depressants.
Sounds like you completely misunderstood my comment Brian. I am not dismissing or criticizing anything at all in the article. As the article was written almost 2 years ago I was asking Chris if he was still currently using these same models or if since writing, he had possibly considered some others since then. Sorry for any confusion caused. Have a great day!
Thank you Chris for all your great articles! I just have one question: Under bioxin’s found in water damaged buildings you mentioned Beta-glucan. My understanding of beta glucan is found in mushrooms which works as a immune modulator and is suppose to be good for our health. Does this mean anyone suffering from toxic mold issues should not consume mushrooms and/or mushroom supplements?
To tell if black mold may be growing in your home, just follow your nose. A musty, earthy smell, like dirt and rotting leaves, is a telltale sign of mold’s presence. Stachybotrys smells especially strong. All molds need food, water and a dark, stagnant environment with temperatures that neither freeze nor boil to grow. Stachybotrys likes it a little wetter than some, feeding on water-saturated cellulose-based material such as cotton, wicker, drywall, lumber, cardboard and even dust or lint. If your home has flooded or you notice excessive moisture on or around building materials, possibly even dark rings on drywall indicating moisture damage, the conditions are ripe for black mold. The smell almost guarantees mold. But even if you see mold, that’s no guarantee that it’s black mold.
History, signs, and symptoms consistent with biotoxin exposure. In cases of mold toxicity, history should include exposure to toxin-producing molds as documented by the EPA-approved ERMI test (more on this in point #4 below). In other cases (microcystin, ciguatera, etc.), history should include likely exposure or laboratory evidence of exposure.
If you’re looking for a way to confirm that you have black mold poisoning, some laboratories offer testing for the presence of mycotoxins in the body. Labs use an immunology test called an Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) to test urine samples for aflatoxins, ochratoxin A and trichothecenes. (5)
If you have a high concentration of mold, you may smell it. If you detect the typical musty odor, check for mold on damp carpets, damp walls, damp crawlspaces and wet wood under your floors, wet roof sheathing and other damp areas. Clean up these infestations right away before they get worse, and see the following photos for prevention measures on how to remove mold.
Unfortunately, however, using bleach is only effective if the mold is growing on non-porous materials such as tiles, bathtubs, glass and countertops. Bleach cannot penetrate into porous materials and so it does not come into contact with mold growing beneath the surface of materials such as wood and drywall. Using bleach on these materials will kill the mold above the surface but the roots within the material will remain and the mold will soon return.
When a person is around toxic black mold the immune system may release a sedative called Chloral Hydrate. This is used as a defense to try to slow down the effects of toxic black mold. But this also makes a person tired and causes fatigue. Toxic black mold can also cause soreness of the muscles and joints.
Step 5: Every hour or so, for the next day, thoroughly spray the paper towels to the point where you can see a little water running down. Wear your gloves while spraying as the 5% solution can stain your skin and cause pain as well.
There is no cure or antidote which can be taken for toxic black mold. The only solution is to remove the toxic black mold from your environment or remove yourself from the environment. Once you are away from toxic black mold your body will start to recover and most of your symptoms should go away over time. However some of the damage from toxic black mold can be permanent.
Black mold – the words alone are enough to make you cringe. It’s the last thing you need in your home. Any mold can cause problems for people who are allergic, of course, but those molds referred to as “black” or “toxic” are particularly dangerous. Chances are, if the conditions inside your home are hospitable to mold, you’re going to have it. If you suspect the mold is “black” or toxic, however, consider hiring a professional to remove it for you.
The toll on human life and health so far has been small relative to what the images suggest. Authorities have cited thirty known deaths as of Tuesday night, while 13,000 people have been rescued. President Donald Trump—who this month undid an Obama-era requirement that infrastructure projects be constructed to endure rising sea levels—offered swift reassurance on Twitter: “Major rescue operations underway!” and “Spirit of the people is incredible. Thanks!”
I want to encourage you to do a healthy vegan diet. That way you’ll get the fiber and nutrients your digestive system needs so that you can tolerate Cholestyromine. All my Drs. except one said I would be bedridden if I wasn’t on a vegan diet. And none of my Drs. are vegan. And I was able to do Cholestyromine no problem.
Removal of biotoxins in patients with CIRS usually begins with binders like cholestyramine or Welchol. Other steps include eradicating biofilm-forming staph colonizations that tend to develop in the nasal passages of CIRS patients and correcting high/low MMP9, ADH/osmolality, C4a, TGF-b1, VEGF, and VIP.
Did an empty hot cycle with bleach, a lot of cleaner just for some stubborn mold patches, but smells a lot better. I have only recently started having this problem, and have never had this problem with previous machines, but I have also recently changed from using powder detergents to liquid…I’m going back to powder!!!!
In a lengthy document, Storey and colleagues identify three groups of patients to be assessed for mold exposure: those who present with symptoms often associated with wet spaces and mold; those whose symptoms occurred at the time of a presumed exposure to mold or damp spaces; and patients concerned about exposures to mold even though they have no symptoms.2
If you can afford to built your own home, build with hemp crete or jet board. It does not get mold, or pests and takes much longer to burn if a fire breaks out. Magnacrete, another board, does not burn at all. It costs about $7 more a board than the formaldehyde toxic board but why make a home 10 times more toxic than the air outside by using such poisonous wood to make your home with? Also check with what the dry wall is made with. Some is made from the toxic waste of fertilizer production waste! Scary.
As Dr. Shoemaker explained in a recent article, one of the most prominent labs performing ERMI testing, ESML (also the lab behind MyERMI), is not following these procedures and is currently under investigation by the EPA. Several CIRS-aware physicians had noticed that levels of Wallemia, a particularly problematic species of mold, tended to be under-reported on the ESML test. These false negatives could lead to someone erroneously assuming their home or workplace is safe, when in fact it is not.
Some of the mold on the surface might be killed but the roots of the mold are left intact meaning the mold soon returns, leaving you in a cycle of repeated bleaching. Perhaps this is why some people believe that spraying bleach on mold doesn’t affect it but instead just bleaches its color so you can no longer see it.
Does baking soda react to anything else, such as bleach? Specifically, is it OK to clean the grout with baking soda, wipe it down, and then mop the floor with bleach water? Or do you need to rinse off all the baking soda very carefully first?
Wear personal protective equipment. Mold exposure can cause upper respiratory illness, and the cleaners you use to kill the mold may also be damaging and corrosive. To protect yourself while you’re cleaning, consider wearing protective gear, including:[4]
It was rented to us by a mngmnt co. that could have cared less; after all they weren’t the ones subject to living with it. Any atempt to bring attention to the huge nightmare, were quickly discredited, by them. We stayed there only because of financial reasons. But, I know now that the price we had paid then with our health and perhaps in the future health, by continuing to stay, may be far greater.
This illness happens after exposure to the interior environment of a Water-Damaged Building (WDB). There are many ways buildings become home to a toxic mix of microbes, and harmful chemicals. Buildings can host fungi, bacteria, mycobacteria, and actinomycetes as a result of construction defects like inappropriate ventilation, faulty construction of crawl spaces, inadequate building design, flat roofs, fake stucco cladding without adequate caulking, basements exposed to saturated ground water conditions, not correcting water leaks and more.

What We Do

Even so, it is possible to assess and treat individuals who have symptoms of respiratory allergies and asthma. Khalili and colleagues emphasize that determining whether respiratory symptoms are related to mold exposure involves a process of elimination. Before mold is considered the likely cause of respiratory symptoms and infections, patients must be evaluated for the possible presence of pre-existing illness or the recent onset of an illness that happens to coincide with mold exposure. Once other possible causes of respiratory symptoms have been ruled out, patients can be assessed for the possibility of mold-induced illness.18
Outdoors, fungi break down organic matter, including leaves, grass clippings, and dead trees. The fungi themselves constitute a large mass of material with many types of spores. These spores vary with the material on which they are found, the season, and the weather. At any given time, the same types of spores are found indoors because they enter through doors and windows and on clothing and shoes.
Raw garlic has amazing antifungal abilities, which is just what your body needs when it has been exposed to black mold. Garlic helps to kill off fungi, molds and yeasts. Two to four grams of fresh garlic per day, or 600 milligrams to 900 milligrams of garlic tablets daily, is recommended for toxic mold exposure. (7)
If you need mold coverage and don’t have it, there may be other options. Some policies, for instance, offer “buy-back” endorsements for mold claims which let you pay more money in exchange for some limited mold coverage. Other policies simply cap the amount of mold coverage or pay only for certain things such as cleanup or testing. So whether you’re buying a new home or switching policies, just be aware: it is far more difficult to find a mold damage inclusive policy for a home that has a history of mold.
The treatment for allergic reactions to mold is the same as the treatment for allergic reactions in general. Fungal infections that spread throughout the body that occur in people with weakened immune systems are typically treated in the hospital with special antifungal drugs and other measures to support breathing and circulation. Treatment of underlying conditions such as asthma is described in the article on asthma and depends on the severity type of symptoms the patient experiences.
We lived for 2 years in a house that was constantly damp with mold issues. The entire time we were there my kids coughed, often to the point of vomiting. I was starting to think they were asthmatic. We moved into a new warm dry house and within a week there was absolutely no coughing and hasn’t been any since and that was 5 months ago. We had bought an air cleaner but it didn’t make a difference. Only getting out of that terrible house helped.
The moisture and warmth provide a perfect environment for bacteria and plants to live in–especially if it’s not regularly cleaned. The dirt and grime provide plenty of food for the mold to live off of.
Clean the entire area with a disinfectant to kill the remaining mold spores. Clean areas that had visible mold, along with all other areas. Mold spores are very small and may not be seen but can remain on surfaces for months or years. Disinfectants for use on mold can be found in hardware stores. You may use bleach, but be make sure it won’t discolor the material or surface.
I just want to know if anyone has cats that can tell there is mold in their carpets? My cats refuse to walk on our carpets much less lie on them. They jump from chair to chair and couch to couch. The only floor they will walk on is the kitchen and bathroom floors. I believe we have gotten mold from the downstairs getting flooded when we had a bad storm last spring. I found black spots in the carpet even when nothing was spilled on it. Any help would be appreciated.
Molds are a large and taxonomically diverse number of fungal species in which the growth of hyphae results in discoloration and a fuzzy appearance, especially on food.[3] The network of these tubular branching hyphae, called a mycelium, is considered a single organism. The hyphae are generally transparent, so the mycelium appears like very fine, fluffy white threads over the surface. Cross-walls (septa) may delimit connected compartments along the hyphae, each containing one or multiple, genetically identical nuclei. The dusty texture of many molds is caused by profuse production of asexual spores (conidia) formed by differentiation at the ends of hyphae. The mode of formation and shape of these spores is traditionally used to classify molds.[4] Many of these spores are colored, making the fungus much more obvious to the human eye at this stage in its life-cycle.
Mold is a non-scientific term for many types of unwanted fungi found both indoors and outdoors. Active mold growth requires moisture. Actively-growing mold damages the material it lives on, thereby impairing structural integrity. In addition, mold is associated with some untoward health effects in humans, including allergies and infections.

hazards of mold in homes | ways to get rid of mold

That’s partly why the barrage of warnings senators and representatives are sending to President Trump, in defense of Special Counsel Robert Mueller, can inspire only modest confidence. To fire Mueller would be “political suicide,” they’ve warned. It would be “a disaster” and he should be allowed to “do his job,” according to others. But for all the polite warnings, only a handful of bipartisan senators and representatives are trying to prevent a new Saturday Night Massacre legislatively. For now, the main defense of the rule of law remains an implied red line.
Dr. Shoemaker further refined the relevance of ERMI testing to CIRS patients by creating the HERTSMI-2 scoring system. This is a weighted score that takes the relative levels and danger of particular mold species into account.
If you believe you or someone you love is becoming ill from mold exposure, see a doctor. Remember that agencies like the CDC cannot treat health problems and only a local health care provider can provide the care you or your family needs. The CDC recommends that you first consult your family doctor or PCP and ask whether you need to see a specialist like an allergist, an infectious disease doctor, or a pulmonary physician. Remember, if your health problem is an emergency, get help immediately.
Chronic rhinitis and post-nasal drip symptoms include an itchy, runny nose, sneezing, itchy ears, eyes, and throat. Seasonal allergic rhinitis (also called hay fever) usually is caused by pollen in the air. Perennial allergic rhinitis is a type of chronic rhinitis and is a year-round problem, often caused by indoor allergens, such as dust, animal dander, and pollens that may exist at the time. Treatment of chronic rhinitis and post nasal drip are dependent upon the type of rhinitis condition.
Changing the filter is an essential part of keeping dust out of the air and preserving the life of the machine. Change the filter once it’s showing wear and tear or every six months if you’re using a HEPA filter.
The smell of the fungi in her house got so strong after the flooding that it gave her headaches and made her nauseated. As she evacuated, wearing a mask and gloves, she took samples of the mold along with her valued possessions. Her lab at Rutgers went on to report that the volatile organic compounds emitted by the mold, known as mushroom alcohol, had some bizarre effects on fruit flies. For one, they affected genes involved in handling and transporting dopamine in a way that mimicked the pathology of Parkinson’s disease in humans.
Español: eliminar el moho negro, Italiano: Eliminare la Muffa Nera, Português: Matar Mofo Preto, Deutsch: Schwarzen Schimmel bekämpfen, Русский: уничтожить черную плесень, Français: éliminer la moisissure noire, 中文: 消灭黑霉, Nederlands: Zwarte schimmel doden, हिन्दी: ब्लैक मोल्ड (Black Mold) को हटायें, العربية: القضاء على العفن الأسود, Tiếng Việt: Tiêu diệt nấm mốc đen, ไทย: กำจัดราดำ, 한국어: 검은 곰팡이 없애는 방법
The borax solution may slow down the expansion of the mold growth or inhibit it. However, it is a “wet” solution. And, in a environment that is already rich with humidity, the borax solution may not be the best choice.
Although molds can grow on dead organic matter everywhere in nature, their presence is visible to the unaided eye only when they form large colonies. A mold colony does not consist of discrete organisms but is an interconnected network of hyphae called a mycelium. All growth occurs at hyphal tips, with cytoplasm and organelles flowing forwards as the hyphae advance over or through new food sources. Nutrients are absorbed at the hyphal tip. In artificial environments such as buildings, humidity and temperature are often stable enough to foster the growth of mold colonies, commonly seen as a downy or furry coating growing on food or other surfaces.
I have tried everything and I am ready to get rid of this washer. My friend has a WhirlPool Front Load and never has had this problem. The rubber seal on mine is full of black mold and it stinks; can not get it cleaned. I can see the water gets way down past the seal and it gets musty. It is very hard to pull the rubber back and dry it out.
Some sausages, such as salami, incorporate starter cultures of molds [12] to improve flavour and reduce bacterial spoilage during curing. Penicillium nalgiovense, for example, may appear as a powdery white coating on some varieties of dry-cured sausage.

What We Do

Molds and other fungi grow easily in damp indoor environments. People who spend time in such environments sometimes complain of respiratory effects, headaches, and other physical symptoms. In addition to visible or hidden mold, damp spaces likely harbor mold break-down products, dust mites, bacteria, and chemicals, gasses, and particulate matter released from the materials on which molds are growing. Given the difficulties in testing for all of these elements, hard evidence of precise cause-and-effect can be elusive.
Mycotoxins will not always be produced when these types of mold are present. To put it another way, the presence of mold does not necessarily mean mycotoxins are present. The conditions needed for mycotoxins to be produced are not fully understood. Further, mycotoxins can be produced by other types of molds besides Stachybotrys and these molds are not always black.
If the mold does not go too deep, you can spray thoroughly with a solution of equal parts bleach and water. Let it dry thoroughly. That should kill the mold, but sometimes the mold stains remain. In that case, you have to sand to remove them.
Mold is everywhere. It’s a type of fungus that grows from tiny spores that float in the air. It can grow almost anywhere that spores land and find moisture and a comfortable temperature, between 40 and 100 degrees F. Typically that includes about every damp place in your home.
Keep indoor humidity between 30 and 50 percent. Relative humidity can be measured with a moisture or humidity meter, a small, inexpensive ($10 to $50) instrument available at many hardware stores. Venting bathrooms, dryers, and other moisture-generating sources to the outside; using air conditioners and de-humidifiers; increasing ventilation; and using exhaust fans when cooking, dishwashing, and cleaning can all help to reduce indoor humidity.
Hi there, I recently moved out if a rental villa after nearly 2yrs, that was inundated with copious amounts( in under kit.cabinets, laundry rm, both bthrms, both bed rms, attic, ceiling, walls, fireplace and outside storage rm and patio) of Black mold. It was not visible until the odor led us to find the horrors that surrounded us. The roof was rotten and needed replacing and after investigating further, found there had been a house flood that was covered up by cheap flooring, base boards and new paint. It was so toxic smelling I believe my husband, myself and Boston terrier were being poisoned the whole time. The noxious smell could even be found on clothing and eventually seen on belongings, and the usual suspect symptoms arose.. even worse more, we were also infested with Brown Recluse spiders!!
My home has been damaged by the May 20th and May 31st tornados in Moore, OK. I did not want to use Clorox due to fumes and water supply. Some of your alternative solutions were new to me such as the Tea Tree Oil and Grapefruit extract. Being specific about mixing amounts helps me use my first thoughts of Vinegar or Hydrogen Pyroxide which I have on hand. I have a horrible area in one of my sheds and really appreciate the advise. Thank You. 🙂
You should also aim to keep humidity down in your home — ideally, not higher than 50 percent. If humidity is a problem where you live, then a dehumidifier can be helpful. This is especially important when the weather is humid outdoors. In warmer months, an air conditioner can help to keep the humidity down.
Also, go to the Social Support page to learn how to join our private Facebook group of over 3000 members called “The Toxic Mold Support Group” In this group you can talk with other people going through the same thing you are and get some advice and information as well.
If you have over 10 square feet of mold growth the EPA and the American Industrial Hygiene Association recommend you contact a professional. Most industry standards recommend, and some states mandate, you obtain an independent evaluation from a Qualified Indoor Environmental Professional (IEP) or Industrial Hygienist prior to having professional mold remediation performed. This will protect you, as the consumer, from being taken advantage of. Having a remediation company assess whether there is a problem, determine the severity of the problem, determine the steps needed to remedy, and bid the project presents a serious conflict of interest. Get an independent evaluation from an IEP and then have several remediation companies bid on the protocol supplied by the IEP. Also, I would suggest having the IEP return after the remediation and perform both a visual inspection and sampling to ensure the work has been completed satisfactorily. This is going to cost a little extra, but is definitely money well spent to ensure the mold is gone.
If you need mold coverage and don’t have it, there may be other options. Some policies, for instance, offer “buy-back” endorsements for mold claims which let you pay more money in exchange for some limited mold coverage. Other policies simply cap the amount of mold coverage or pay only for certain things such as cleanup or testing. So whether you’re buying a new home or switching policies, just be aware: it is far more difficult to find a mold damage inclusive policy for a home that has a history of mold.
From my experience some of your symptoms can improve when you remove yourself from the toxic environment but other symptoms like fatigue can get worst because your body in a detoxification process which will take a long time. Chim and fluox could be the best for this.

black mold sickness | natural mold killer

Please, please DO NOT mix vinegar and bleach. Yes, it will make the bleach more effective (particularly if it is old bleach), but it releases chlorine gas and may harm you seriously. If you have a breathing apparatus handy, then fine, but otherwise please don’t risk it!
Mix about 10 drops tea tree essential oil or a teaspoon with a cup of water. Put the mixture in a spray bottle (I use this cute glass one). Spray tea tree oil mixture on to mold or dampen mold with a cloth if no spray bottle is available. Leave on for a few hours or overnight to kill mold. Once this is done scrub area with solution to remove any mold and spray again. Leave on surface to prevent mold from coming back. Optional: Finish by wiping area with baking soda if you run out of tea tree oil.
Take the appropriate safety measures to keep yourself safe. Wear rubber gloves and safety goggles and importantly, don an air mask to prevent mold spores from getting into your lungs. If you intend to use a cleaning solution that contains bleach, wear protective outerwear in order to safeguard your clothing against stains.
Storey E, Dangman KH, Schench P, DeBernardo RL, Yang CS, Bracher A, Hodgson MJ. Guidance for clinicians on the recognition and management of health effects related to mold exposure and moisture indoors. Farmington (CT): University of Connecticut Health Center, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Center for Indoor Environments and Health; 2004.
Windshields, stemware and beverage bottles are bound together with concrete and fly ash (a waste by-product of coal-burning power plants) as opposed to a petroleum-based resin binder. The countertops are comparable to granite in terms of strength, scratch resistance, heat resistance and maintenance.
Sinister-sounding and potentially dangerous, toxic black mold can strike fear in the heart of any homeowner. But by being able to identify black mold and understand how to prevent and control its growth, you can help to keep your home free of toxic black mold.
The more a person is around mold the more sensitive to it they will become. This means that they can end up unable to tolerate being around even small amounts of mold. Their allergic reactions will also become more and more severe.
3. Consider where your mold problem was, and which possessions were affected. If mold was throughout your house, or in your duct work, then likely everything in your house could have been exposed. In my house, the problem was in a sun room and two AC units on the first floor. But the spaces and possessions on the second floor did not seem to be affected.
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I was a housepainter for 28 years and usually worked in several nasty houses each year that had previous water damage. None of their occupants nor I ever became ill from being exposed to the various molds, fungi, etc. That changed in 2007 when I did four in a row and wound up with a nasty case of Mycotoxicosis. My doctor said there wasn’t anything available to fight it except time for my immune system to develop a resistance to the cruds. Said it could take several months or several years. Took me two years and wound up getting it again but worse two years later. This time it took 40 months for my body to get rid of it. Didn’t get it from living at home since my mother remained healthy and she was in her late 90’s. The only places I went that could’ve been infested were my 1995 car and 1988 work van since their doors’ weather stripping were allowing rain to enter during downpours. They had been that way for years so once damp inside I just left all the windows until they dried out. I guess some of those nasty micro-organisms’ spores eventually found a way in and began to proliferate.
I lived in a home many years ago that had mold on the walls. There wasn’t any water leak, but the home was very poorly insulated and condensation formed very easily on windows and walls allowing mold to grow.
Another set of experiments suggests that slime molds navigate time as well as space, using a rudimentary internal clock to anticipate and prepare for future changes in their environments. Tetsu Saigusa of Hokkaido University and his colleagues—including Nakagaki—placed a polycephalum in a kind of groove in an agar plate stored in a warm and moist environment (slime molds thrive in high humidity). The slime mold crawled along the groove. Every 30 minutes, however, the scientists suddenly dropped the temperature and decreased the humidity, subjecting the polycephalum to unfavorably dry conditions. The slime mold instinctively began to crawl more slowly, saving its energy. After a few trials, Saigusa and his colleagues stopped changing the slime mold’s environment, but every 30 minutes the amoeba’s pace slowed anyway. Eventually it stopped slowing down spontaneously. Slime molds did the same thing at intervals of 60 and 90 minutes, although, on average, only about half of the slime molds tested showed spontaneous slowing in the absence of an environmental change.
2. Soft furnishings are problematic. After I moved and felt significantly better – though I’ve still got a long way to go – I recognized that I still felt sedated/off/lethargic when I sat on a particular sofa and on the two chairs in my living room. That was tough, because they were really good pieces of leather furniture that I’d bought in the last couple of years as real “adult” furniture. I thought leather might be more impervious than fabric, but moisture & mold spores can still get in. So, I got rid of soft furnishings and bought new sofa & chairs.
Through the skin is one of the three main ways that toxic black mold mycotoxins enter the human body. There have been cases in the past where people have handled hay contaminated with toxic black mold and developed severe rashes and skin problems on their body where they touched the hay, as well as on sweaty areas like the armpits.
Tea tree oil is a natural fungicide that is effective at killing black mold spores and getting rid of mildew throughout the home. It will work for you equally as a cleaner and as a mold prevention agent.
Many MD’s r not even aware of what the tests are….I have had two neurologist who thought heavy metal poisoning was a scam.. don’t trust your doctors lack of knowledge ..insist on testing …they will not suffer years of pain….you will !!
Replace items that are covered with mold. In some cases cleaning the mold isn’t going to eliminate the problem and you might need to replace the contaminated material. Assess the damage and determine whether to replace any or all of the following that may be infused with mold spores:
If you don’t have money to see a doctor that specialize in mold treatment (such as a Shoemaker certified doctor) I would recommend pursuing Mold Avoidance. Check out the web site http://paradigmchange.me as well as the Facebook group Mold Avoiders. Lots of good free information on how you can get better.
A list of the biomarkers that constitute a CIRS diagnosis can be found on Dr. Shoemaker’s site. However, if you fail the VCS test, and/or suspect you may have CIRS, I strongly recommend finding a CIRS-aware clinician in your area. You can start with the list of clinicians that have been certified by Dr. Shoemaker on his website. There are other clinicians, like those of us at California Center for Functional Medicine, that are familiar with CIRS and are actively diagnosing and treating patients for it, but are not yet certified.
Ask if there are any pre-appointment restrictions when making your appointment. For example, if you’re having allergy tests, your doctor will likely want you to stop taking allergy medications for several days before the test.
Hi there, I recently moved out if a rental villa after nearly 2yrs, that was inundated with copious amounts( in under kit.cabinets, laundry rm, both bthrms, both bed rms, attic, ceiling, walls, fireplace and outside storage rm and patio) of Black mold. It was not visible until the odor led us to find the horrors that surrounded us. The roof was rotten and needed replacing and after investigating further, found there had been a house flood that was covered up by cheap flooring, base boards and new paint. It was so toxic smelling I believe my husband, myself and Boston terrier were being poisoned the whole time. The noxious smell could even be found on clothing and eventually seen on belongings, and the usual suspect symptoms arose.. even worse more, we were also infested with Brown Recluse spiders!!
Liesle please go to survivingmold.com and look at the physician list. Start with Dr. Ackerly she can do a phone consult. You will need a local doctor to order blood labs. You cant be treated unless you are in a safe environment. Leave your stuff and get somewhere safe so you can start to heal.
15 years wading through chronic conditions the best I can. What are some better-than-nothing air purifier options for the majority of us that have limited budgets? Say under $200? I appreciate the functional medicine approach, but it would be great if practioners included cheaper alternatives, acknowledging many of us don’t have the choice to choose expensive tests and gadgets.
Biomarkers consistent with the neuroimmune, vascular, and endocrine abnormalities that characterize CIRS. If you have a history consistent with biotoxin exposure, a susceptible genotype, and an abnormal VCS test, you are very likely to show the laboratory abnormalities seen in CIRS. Major and minor criteria are a work in progress.
Step 3: Dilute half a gallon of the peroxide to 5% strength in a plastic bucket or small WATERPROOF trash can. You don’t want to spill this stuff. To get a 5% strength, add 4 or 5 times the volume of water to the strong peroxide.
Mycotoxins cause toxic symptoms which are much worse than the allergic symptoms caused by ordinary molds. Some of the symptoms caused by toxic molds include bleeding, damage to internal organs, mental impairment, cancer and even death in some cases.
Mold in the home can usually be found in damp, dark or steamy areas e.g. bathroom or kitchen, cluttered storage areas, recently flooded areas, basement areas, plumbing spaces, areas with poor ventilation and outdoors in humid environments. Symptoms caused by mold allergy are: watery, itchy eyes; a chronic cough; headaches or migraines; difficulty breathing; rashes; tiredness; sinus problems; nasal blockage and frequent sneezing.
Over-the-counter (OTC) antihistamines include loratadine (Alavert, Claritin), fexofenadine (Allegra) and cetirizine (Zyrtec Allergy). They cause little to no drowsiness or dry mouth. Older antihistamines such as clemastine (Tavist-1) work as well but can make you drowsy, affect work and school performance, and cause dry mouth.
This is the first Hub I have ever read, the advice is terrific.I have had a mold problem in the house porch since the beginning of December and was at my wits end.It looks terrible and I knew it was also a health hazard.
Consider painting concrete floors and using area rugs instead of wall-to-wall carpet in basements. If you plan to install carpet over a concrete floor, it may be necessary to use a vapor barrier (plastic sheeting) over the concrete and cover that with sub-flooring (insulation covered with plywood) to prevent a moisture problem.
If you have an area of black mold that is more than 10 square feet, consult the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency guide titled “Mold Remediation in Schools and Commercial Buildings.” This document also applies to other building types.
It is an eye test that can be taken via computer, gauging the ability of the individual to see clearly even in situations of low visual contrast (a skill that tends to be impaired in those suffering from this kind of illness).
My GP ordered a chest x-ray, ultrasound and complete blood count to see if i’ve got an infection. Nothing showed up. He told me i’m probably just very stressed out from work when i told him i suspected mold sickness from the mold i detected days before it all started. I have had to shut the room off, and started a course of antibiotics. It’s helped a great deal. There are none of these air quality measurement gadgets where i live.

What We Do

In the early ‘90s, a New Zealand man named Neil Fleming decided to sort through something that had puzzled him during his time monitoring classrooms as a school inspector. In the course of watching 9,000 different classes, he noticed that only some teachers were able to reach each and every one of their students. What were they doing differently?
I dealt with an awful black mold experience in an old apartment. I had no clue what was making me so sick for so long. Doctors kept implying nothing was wrong with me. I even had a pulmonologist tell me what I really need was a psychiatrist.
Black mold -also- maims and sickens and kills people…and it thrives in press board, strand board, plywood (to a lesser extent) and carpets). If you ever have the chance to build – just avoid the stuff. the stuff.
I noticed the grout molding after I cleaned the shower with tilex. Could that have stripped the sealer that was applied. Also after I get it clean should I let it dry and then reseal the tile and grout.
While vinegar will lower the pH in the bleach and in turn make the bleach a better disinfectant.., The trade-off for safety purposes is not worth it. And, the vinegar-bleach combo could be lethal as Toxic Chlorine Gases will be discharged into the surrounding airspace.
Be eco-friendly by repurposing old furniture instead of throwing it away. It diverts waste from landfills and prevents the harvesting of new trees. In this project, an old armoire was turned into a drop-down game table and storage console.
CLINGY CREEPER: The wild cucumber’s (Sicyos angulatus) spidering tendrils, which grab onto fences and other plants for support, are super-sensers. Most people cannot feel the weight of a string weighing less than 0.07 ounces (2 grams). But the tendrils of the wild cucumber respond to the touch of a string weighing only 0.009 ounces (0.25 grams) and immediately start twirling around the tiny thread. Wikimedia Commons
I am very sensitive to the detox protocol. My body couldn’t handle the Welchol, which was expensive. After five days I had extreme burning, anxiety and mental confusion. I now take Medi-Clay capsules, a probiotic called Accustomed Boulardii and charcoal capsules. They pull the toxins out. I have to space everything out, due to the “burning” sensations.
“Carbon monoxide is an underappreciated risk, particularly during heating season when people don’t open windows as much to let in fresh air,” says Meri-K Appy of Safe Kids USA. “But there’s no other way to know you’ve got a problem unless you have a CO detector to let you know levels have reached a dangerous level.” If the detector sounds, evacuate your home immediately and call 911. And be sure to replace the battery when you change the time on your clocks each spring and fall.
Sounds like you completely misunderstood my comment Brian. I am not dismissing or criticizing anything at all in the article. As the article was written almost 2 years ago I was asking Chris if he was still currently using these same models or if since writing, he had possibly considered some others since then. Sorry for any confusion caused. Have a great day!
In other words, the color of the mold to the naked eye cannot tell you anything about whether its toxic or not. With over 100,000 species, mold comes in about any size, shape, and color you can think of, making it virtually impossible to tell what type of mold you have without a microscope and lab testing performed from a Mold Inspection and Testing.

black mold mushroom | how to remove mold and mildew

The term “toxic mold” is not accurate. While certain molds are toxigenic, meaning they can produce toxins (specifically mycotoxins), the molds themselves are not toxic, or poisonous. Hazards presented by molds that may produce mycotoxins should be considered the same as other common molds which can grow in your house. There is always a little mold everywhere – in the air and on many surfaces. There are very few reports that toxigenic molds found inside homes can cause unique or rare health conditions such as pulmonary hemorrhage or memory loss. These case reports are rare, and a causal link between the presence of the toxigenic mold and these conditions has not been proven.
I called Labcorp and was told that “HLA DR 1345 DQ Intermediate” in the lavender tube is $600. Is that the right test? I haven’t been able to figure that out on survivingmold.com, and haven’t found anything about the circumstances under which my doctor can code the test so it will be covered by insurance.
AirOasis air sanitizers. These units work differently than HEPA filters. They use a technology developed by NASA called advanced hydration photocatalytic oxidation (AHPCO) to destroy mold, bacteria, and other microorganisms with ultraviolet light and a catalyst. We have a few of the Air Angel units in smaller rooms, as well as an AO3000 in the main living area. Important note: I currently recommend running the AO units only when you are not in the rooms, and turning them off when you enter. This is due to the small amounts of ozone that they release. Though these levels are well below the recommended limit according to AO’s website, I prefer to be cautious. I also recommend using a HEPA/charcoal filter along with the AO devices, rather than using them on their own.
I. Have black mold under kitchen sink for a yeat if not more. Have used bleach but still there. The floor board is damaged. Contractor say need to be torn out at a wopping $5.000.00. Never tried tea tree oil or vinegar!!! Any suggestion! HELP HAVE 3 small children
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One way to protect yourself is to replace standard circuit breakers in your electric service panel with arc-fault circuit interrupters, an upgrade that costs about $50. AFCIs provide enhanced protection against arc fault, a dangerous electrical problem caused by damaged, overheated or stressed electrical wiring or devices.
If you have a mold problem in your home you are probably suffering several of the symptoms of mold. In fact many people suffer symptoms from mold and don’t even realize it, instead assuming their symptoms are from hay fever or a cold.
Have a Siemens integrated washer/dryer; can’t believe the mould on the door rubber. I have had Hoover, Hotpoint, and Artist machines and never had this problem; even the soap drawer gets it. I thought at first I’d washed some football kit and it was mud. Absolutely disgusted.
The first step toward improved health and safety at home is getting a great mold test to find out just what is in the air you are breathing. This mold test from the Mold Inspection Network is a great option. Learn more about it below.
Toxic Black Mold can be deadly if it is allowed to grow unrestrained. And, as unappealing as this fowl smelling fungi is, its this distinctive odor that can lead you to its location and taking action to get it removed from your home as soon as possible.
It very well may be. Scrubbing the mold is not good advice. It spreads the mold spores, and if you are using bleach, will not eliminate all of the mold. The water used will actually make the mold worse. The drywall needs to be carefully removed and disposed of and all of the areas behind the wall must be treated or removed.
First things First – All Black Molds are Not Toxic. There are many thousands of different species of this fungi worldwide and at least a thousand different species living and found in the United States, alone.
Use soap and a sponge to clean away visible mold. If the moldy area is dry, lightly mist enough water to dampen the area. Dry mold becomes airborne very easily and dampening the mold lessens the possibility of spores drifting.
If you just can’t handle the smell of vinegar (even short term), then there is another option that is odorless. I’m talking about grapefruit seed extract, which is an excellent antifungal both internally and externally. To use it on a moldy area in your home, simply combine 20 drops of grapefruit seed extract with two cups of water in a spray bottle. Shake the mixture and spray it directly on the mold  and do not rinse. (11)
Generally, it is not necessary to identify the species of mold growing in a residence, and CDC does not recommend routine sampling for molds. Current evidence indicates that allergies are the type of diseases most often associated with molds. Since the reaction of individuals can vary greatly either because of the person’s susceptibility or type and amount of mold present, sampling and culturing are not reliable in determining your health risk. If you are susceptible to mold and mold is seen or smelled, there is a potential health risk; therefore, no matter what type of mold is present, you should arrange for its removal. Furthermore, reliable sampling for mold can be expensive, and standards for judging what is and what is not an acceptable or tolerable quantity of mold have not been established.
All u need is bleach i prefer scented and a long cotton ball strip the kind u get from a salon store like sallys soak your cotton strip place all the way around tub grout or calking leave for half come back remove throw away no scrubbing involved u will be amazed white vinigar works great for ceiling and toilet mold. Happy cleaning.
The owner of the house that I moved into last year started treatment for Lyme disease with a local doctor trained in Dr. Shoemaker’s protocols. At the initial appointment, her doctor advised that a HERTSMI mold test be done to make sure she was not having mold exposures that would interfere with Lyme treatment. The HERTSMI tests for the 5 worst mold species associated with human illness. It’s a subset of the 36 species ERMI test and what doctors usually order. Since I had the ‘dreaded’ haplotype and had been diagnosed with CIRS from living in two water damaged homes, I paid the extra to get the more comprehensive ERMI test ($290). The results came back with a low mold index score, and both my doctor and the home owner’s doctor said we were safe! However, Mycometrics staff explained to me that though the score was low, the fact that so many species showed up—particularly ones that can produce mycotoxins and that require a a lot of water over a long period of time—was an indication of a past or current water issue in the house. My symptoms worsened over the next months, and finally an inspection was done by a knowledgeable Industrial Hygienist. High levels of mold were discovered under carpet in the garage and behind the kitchen sink wall due to a pipe leak. He explained to me that the HERTSMI is usually ordered by doctors to detect risk for illness, while the ERMI provides more comprehensive info to Industrial Hygienists about what’s happening in the building. Doctors aren’t trained to analyze this info. So a cautionary warning: always speak with the lab when you get your ERMI results. (I only use Mycometrics and they are very helpful). They can give you info about which molds in your results produce mycotoxins and how much moisture they need to grow, which can help you identify a long standing hidden leak and guide you in doing remediation properly. Your doctor is probably not knowledgeable enough to interpret the results and may tell you there’s not a problem, when in fact there is a dangerous mold issue.
Bamboo is a sustainable wood because it grows rapidly and reaches maturity in just four years. The plywood is laminated together using a low-VOC (volatile organic compound) adhesive. Bamboo is great for bathrooms because it stands up well in a moist climate. In this remodel, the bamboo vanity is topped off with a bamboo sink.
If you have any health concerns or are currently taking any medication, check with your doctor before using any internal natural remedies for black mold symptoms. If you’re looking for a doctor who has experience in diagnosing and treating mold and mycotoxin-related illnesses, you can check out the American Academy of Environmental Medicine.
Does anyone out there know how to interpret the neuroquant brain volume report? Trying to normalize my results to compare them to the controls / subjects in Shoemakers paper is not entirely clear. Thanks.
Hello, Sara. I’ve been sick for about a month and a half as has my mother. We also live in Louisville, KY. I was wondering if you have found a specialist close in this field so we could see them as well.
It was rented to us by a mngmnt co. that could have cared less; after all they weren’t the ones subject to living with it. Any atempt to bring attention to the huge nightmare, were quickly discredited, by them. We stayed there only because of financial reasons. But, I know now that the price we had paid then with our health and perhaps in the future health, by continuing to stay, may be far greater.
Of course it’s best to hire a professional mold inspector to perform the toxic black mold inspection for you. Mold inspectors use both their experience and sophisticated equipment to find any and all hidden mold, with minimal disturbance to your home. This way you can be sure that if there is mold in your home it will be found.
The second way to test for toxic mold exposure is to test for certain blood parameters that change upon exposure to toxic mold and other biotoxins such as that from Lymes. There is the Basic and Comprehensive Biotoxic Mold Illness Panel. (see below) Patients can order this test themselves and ideally should have a doctor interpret the results but if they can not find a doctor, they can go to my Diagnosis page to learn how to interpret the results. 
[1] Of note, the development of asthma did not correlate with the amount of visible mold, but did correlate with the more sophisticated measurement techniques described in the article. This lends support to calls for standardized methods of evaluating homes and other environments for molds and other substances which can affect indoor air quality and human health.
I lived in a home many years ago that had mold on the walls. There wasn’t any water leak, but the home was very poorly insulated and condensation formed very easily on windows and walls allowing mold to grow.
Keep a spray bottle full of white distilled vinegar in your bathroom and kitchen for quick cleaning. Personally I don’t mind the smell of vinegar but if you find it too strong and unpleasant, just add a few drops of essential oil (like lavender) and you will be able to tell the difference.
Wear an N-95 respirator to avoid breathing in mold or mold spores. N-95 respirators may be found in many hardware stores and from companies that advertise on the Internet. In order to be effective, the respirator or mask must fit properly, so carefully follow the instructions supplied with the respirator.
If you find mold in your home which looks like toxic black mold you should have it professionally tested to be certain. It’s important that you determine whether it’s mycotoxin-producing toxic black mold or a non-toxic species of mold. Once you know for sure then you can plan how to remove it.
I live in an apartment complex with mold issues on the outside walls. I live in Oregon so there is a lot of moisture. It is mainly in the bottom corner of the outside wall and wall we share with our neighbor. We have cleaned it several times but it just keeps returning. Please help!
If you have a suspended type ceiling and see small dimples take shape around the fasteners, then your ceiling is giving way to gravity and ready to collapse. And, if you see any bubbles appearing in the drywall, then you may have pooled water on the other side (you can punch a nail through the drywall to allow the standing water to drain into a container).

What We Do

Killing it is easy. Keeping it out is a huge job. This Old House devoted a program to it on about 1/17/17. It involved mold kill, regrading of landscaping to keep water away from the house, spray-foam insulation of the entire floor area underside, plastic sheeting welded into one piece over the soil, and ducting air from the furnace at 35 cfm into the crawlspace to reduce infiltration of moist, cold air. Expensive, but the estimated life of the job was 25 years.
I’ve been using stuff from the store to clean my molds. They are effective but very strong, sometimes I feel a weakness in my arms from their strength. For this reason, using something natural like those you’ve listed here is most helpful. Voted interesting and useful. Great hub!
Black mold symptoms are even worse if the black mold exposure is severe, has lasted for a long time or if the individual has a mold allergy. Symptoms could include nausea, vomiting, as well as bleeding in the nose and lungs. Studies have also linked household mold exposure to depression. (4)
Hi Maureen…I didn’t know if you were asking me or Lauren for the name of a dr, so I’ll give you mine. His name is Michael Rothman, MD a naturopath that I went to by chance for something else and if I hadn’t I NEVER would have known. He was recently certified by Dr Rithchie Shoemaker in the treatment protocol and he is in Spring Lake, NJ. If you’re interested, he’s listed as MD Wellness or by his name. Hope this helps! Good luck…
Toxic black mold mycotoxins that are in the air can enter a person’s eyes. The mycotoxins are cytotoxic (toxic to cells) and when they come into contact with eye cells they cause inflamed and injured eyes and create vision problems.
To get rid of mold, scrub surfaces with detergent, preferably a water-based, VOC-free product like Microbloc dsinfx as opposed to bleach. Replace porous materials such as ceiling tile and carpet with non-porous or mold-resistant ones. If the mold damage covers more than 10 square feet, the EPA recommends hiring a professional.
It’s so much more than a green pigment found in plants. I’m talking about chlorophyll, which has shown an ability to protect DNA from damage caused by toxic molds like aflatoxin. (8) Chlorophyll also has antibacterial and antifungal properties, making it a highly recommended part of any healthy diet, but especially one that is looking to fight black mold symptoms.
Can it cause severe itching, burning and prickly feeling on the skin if you touched it while cleaning and vacuuming the rug where it was? Bc now I’m not sure if it’s mold or a parasite or both. How do you rule that out? Thank you.
United States. United States Department of Agriculture. “Molds On Food: Are They Dangerous?” Aug. 22, 2013. .
Cover the area with plastic sheeting. As you work, mold spores could break free from the drywall. To prevent them from finding their way into the flooring, cover the flooring and anything in the surrounding area with plastic sheeting. Tape the sheeting in place.
Open nearby windows or doors to get a cross flow of air to dissipate any fumes generated by your cleaning (small mold cleanup projects – large jobs will require negative air pressure and sealing off area to prevent mold spores from escaping throughout residence)
Try using a lemon, cut in half , rub on area that keeps coming back. Squeeze the juice out of the lemon on the area and let set for sometime. Take a clean steal wool scrub with baking soda, let dry. Wipe with clean cloth. Take normally three to four days to dry out.
Dr. Keith Berndston, a physician in Park Ridge, Illinois, has written a thorough summary of CIRS that I highly recommend reading. In it, he highlights the following criteria that a patient must meet to be diagnosed with CIRS (4):
Verbal red lines have become all too common in American politics. They’re declared against foreign adversaries as readily as they are in budget battles. And in most cases, the line drawers redraw their boundaries when they are traversed and action is required.
A better method of initially screening a building for mold is the ERMI test. ERMI stands for Environmental Relative Moldiness Index. It utilizes quantitative polymerase chain reaction (MSQPCR) technology to identify mold in dust that has settled in buildings.

can mold cause health problems | do i have black mold

The most common black mold symptoms and health effects are associated with a respiratory response. Chronic coughing and sneezing, irritation to the eyes, mucus membranes of the nose and throat, rashes, chronic fatigue and persistent headaches can all be symptomatic of black mold exposure or black mold poisoning.
Be sure to avoid any foods which you notice have caused you allergies in the past and before eating check food for signs of mold, especially foods such as cheese, bread and fruit which mold can readily grow on if past the use by date.
Chris: what were your daughter’s symptoms? My 1,5 year old daughter has some issues that are too mild for normal physicians to take seriously, but bad enough that Ive been reading and reading for months, trying to figure things out, going crazy, you must know the feeling. Wonder what the symptoms could be like in a toddler.
Most important: Fix the underlying issue. “Mold is not the problem. It’s an indicator of a moisture problem,” says Kurt Salomon, president of the American Society of Home Inspectors. “You can get rid of the mold but if you don’t address the leaky pipes, high humidity and water intrusion, the mold will come back.”
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If you want to use vinegar to prevent mold growing on surfaces just spray vinegar on the surface and leave it. Repeat this every few days to ensure the surface will stay mold-free. You can even mop your tiled bathroom floor or other hard non-porous floors with vinegar if you are worried about mold growing on them.
Avoidance of identified indoor allergens can be very effective in controlling allergy symptoms. If such avoidance is not possible or incomplete, antihistamines are a common treatment for reactions to indoor allergens. These are medications that fight the effects of the histamine released during an allergic reaction by blocking the action of the histamine on the tissue.
Besides considering your signs and symptoms, your doctor may want to conduct a physical examination to identify or exclude other medical problems. He or she may also recommend one or more tests to see if you have an allergy that can be identified. These include:
Are you wondering how to test for mold? One option is to hire a professional mold tester to collect and analyze mold samples. A cheaper option is to order a black mold test kit, which you can use to collect mold samples yourself. You then send the samples to a professional mold testing laboratory.
You’re welcome Taneisha, glad to know I could help! The health of your two children definitely comes first, and unfortunately there’s too many harmful cleaning products on the market. Thanks for stopping by…take care!
The absolute key to dealing with black mold anywhere is to identify what’s creating the warm, damp environment in which the black mold can flourish. If you clean up black mold but don’t address the source of the moisture, then the black mold is highly likely to return. No natural or conventional treatment will prevent or remove mold permanently unless you remove mold’s necessary ingredient, which is moisture.
THANKS, Chris, for this very informative article. I too am of the dreaded 2%, who can’t detox these biotoxins, and have Lyme , co infections, viruses, mercury, lead toxicity, autoimmune diseases, among other things. Anyway, I always love your articles, which are so informative, and I so appreciate your sharing your knowledge and wisdom with all of us!
Mold got into all vents in my home. This was due to incorrect heat air installment. I had to call the pros to eliminate it. All items removed from my home and being away while my floors and walls replaced. Being wide awake in the middle of a nightmare is no cup of tea.
The air sampler pump draws in air and deposits microscopic airborne particles on a culture medium. The medium is cultured in a laboratory and the fungal genus and species are determined by visual microscopic observation. Laboratory results also quantify fungal growth by way of a spore count for comparison among samples. The pump operation time was recorded and when multiplied by the operation time results in a specific volume of air obtained. Although a small volume of air is actually analyzed, common laboratory reporting techniques extrapolate the spore count data to equate the amount of spores that would be present in a cubic meter of air.[21]
The term “black” mold is misleading at best. First, while the terms “toxic” and “black” mold are commonly used interchangeably, only one is recognized as black mold by most professionals: Stachybotrys chartarum, sometimes called Stachybotrys atra. Other common indoor toxic molds include – but are not limited to – Cladosporium, Penicillium, Aspergillus, and Alternaria. Furthermore, Stachybotrys isn’t actually black, but a greenish-black color instead. Finally, with more than 100,000 known types of mold, many of them are black. Unless they are Stachybotrys, however, they aren’t “black” mold and may not even be toxic.
Black mold can be an expensive and potentially unhealthy problem for homeowners, but by testing for black mold, you can know for sure if you’ll need to take steps to eradicate black mold from your home.
Did rounds of empty washing with bleach; didn’t help. Used vinegar. It didn’t help either. It’s very difficult to pull back the inner gasket, but I could see black sludge oozing out of the grooves. I’m so grossed out. I’ve been washing everything by hand.
Dry your shower after bathing. Showers and tubs are common places for mold to grow because they stay wet all the time. To prevent this, keep a squeegee in the bathroom and ask that all family members and guests wipe down the walls after bathing.
Did an empty hot cycle with bleach, a lot of cleaner just for some stubborn mold patches, but smells a lot better. I have only recently started having this problem, and have never had this problem with previous machines, but I have also recently changed from using powder detergents to liquid…I’m going back to powder!!!!
If indiscriminate sanitizing molecules are blown airborne they are likely to be inhaled. Intuitively, that seems unwise. Hopefully Chris can do regular flora testing and report back if his families skin, nasal, and bowel flora deteriorates with constant use of these machines.
No need to take a wrecking ball to the entire house at the sight of a little mold. Focus your mold removal and mold remediation efforts on the area where the water and mold growth is occurring by removing the mold at its source (e.g. on the drywall) and eliminating the water source.
Thanks for getting the word out on the critical topic that even many functional medicine doctors remain unaware of. I recently wrote an article about the toxic effects of mold after finding mold in my office (http://www.jillcarnahan.com/2015/02/08/toxic-mold-exposure-cause-symptoms/) So important we educate our patients and other docs, too!
Toxic black mold produces trichothecene mycotoxins. These are some of the most toxic and stable mycotoxins. Trichothecene mycotoxins can take several years to break down and can be nearly impossible to remove from homes.
Any mold professional should be able to explain Mold Remediation in plain English. If a contractor is unable to explain the basic processes and steps of mold remediation and mold removal in layman’s terms, be very wary! If someone tries to complicate and confuse you about the process and scare you into hiring them, walk away and say, “Thanks, but no thanks.” There are good honest mold removal and mold remediation companies (like Moldman!) out there as long as you are careful, educate yourself about mold remediation, and get multiple estimates.
An allergy refers to a misguided reaction by our immune system in response to bodily contact with certain foreign substances. When these allergens come in contact with the body, it causes the immune system to develop an allergic reaction in people who are allergic to it. It is estimated that 50 million North Americans are affected by allergic conditions. The parts of the body that are prone to react to allergies include the eyes, nose, lungs, skin, and stomach. Common allergic disorders include hay fever, asthma, allergic eyes, allergic eczema, hives, and allergic shock.
Hi! I have been suffering from mold, so I can relate to an extent. I would recommend getting rid of anything where mold may remain. Not sure about clothing, but definitely porous furniture – anything but metal. It is not worth it. I would also get the highest quality water possible to flush out your system.

black mold lung cancer | how to get rid of mold in your home

A comprehensive outline of information here! It is a little scary how many people are not educated about this and end up living with and breathing these toxic spores. Your site is a fantastic resource! Thanks for posting!
People exposed to biotoxins frequently come down with staph colonization, caused by biofilm-forming microorganisms that live deep in the nose without causing nasal symptoms. This step would require a nasal culture to be performed by your doctor and is not included in the panel.
However, after only a few days the odor returned, but only in certain areas, it seemed worse when the A/C kicked on, and it becomes breathtaking. I was terrified to think that we had moved into another house, with the same problem, too!
Black mold symptoms are even worse if the black mold exposure is severe, has lasted for a long time or if the individual has a mold allergy. Symptoms could include nausea, vomiting, as well as bleeding in the nose and lungs. Studies have also linked household mold exposure to depression. (4)
This video was produced through a collaboration between NOVA and Scientific American. To learn more about slime molds and other amazing creatures, watch ‘What Are Animals Thinking?’ on NOVA scienceNOW, airing November 7, 2012 at 10 pm on PBS.
Reality: This perception stems from the belief that when one fire sprinkler head goes off, they all do. In modern residential systems, says Meri-K Appy, president of Safe Kids USA, heads are individually activated by high heat so only those — usually one or two — closest to a fire go off.
@barleysinger. if you are going to talk about birth defects at least spiel it correctly. people afflicted by spina bifida don’t take too kindly to hocus pocus people saying unproven things of how one can have a baby born with it. It isn’t the water because less children now are born with it than before they added things to the water and most cases were in rural areas. It is one thing to try to help people and you know what you are talking about. It is another to hijack.someone else’s blog with your own inaccurate facts about a totally different subject.
If you work with fiberglass, wear loose-fitting, long-sleeved clothing — which you should wash separately from other clothing — goggles and a nose/mouth mask. Open a window to increase ventilation and wet-vac the dust and fibers.
While vinegar will lower the pH in the bleach and in turn make the bleach a better disinfectant.., The trade-off for safety purposes is not worth it. And, the vinegar-bleach combo could be lethal as Toxic Chlorine Gases will be discharged into the surrounding airspace.
Air sampling does not allow identification of particular species of Penicillium, Aspergillus, Wallemia, etc., which is important because different species have different health effects. In addition, air sampling devices only collect a small sample of air from directly around the device. This matters because mold spores have different molecular weights, and some do not remain airborne for long.
We have extensive black mould on our exterior Hinuera stone walls. Do you have any recommendations for killing this? Hinuera is a soft volcanic stone in a creamy colour that comes from a specific area of New Zealand. See hinuera.co.nz
If you touch it with a gloved hand, it feels slimy. It usually looks black but may also have a shade of greenish-yellow and spreads in a spotty pattern. Black mold will have a very distinct mildew smell.

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Black mold can be an insidious problem for homeowners, potentially leading to a costly removal process and even a host of health problems. But by learning how to get rid of black mold safely and effectively, you can protect the health of your family and the value of your home, without breaking the bank.
If you have any health concerns or are currently taking any medication, check with your doctor before using any internal natural remedies for black mold symptoms. If you’re looking for a doctor who has experience in diagnosing and treating mold and mycotoxin-related illnesses, you can check out the American Academy of Environmental Medicine.
Water.org is an international nonprofit organization that has positively transformed millions of lives around the world through access to safe water and sanitation. Founded by Gary White and Matt Damon, Water.org pioneers innovative, market-driven solutions to the global water crisis — breaking down barriers to give families hope, health and the opportunity to break the cycle of poverty.
Mark the areas of the wall that have mold. Use a pencil to lightly draw a box around every area with visible mold. The area should be larger than the stain itself and should span an area that extends over at least two wooden wall beams behind the drywall. Removing more wall than necessary will increase your odds of removing unseen mold spores and will also make it possible to replace the section of drywall.
Or maybe, you have a rain exposed deck like mine that does not get enough sunlight due to tree cover.  And, if I do not get the leaves removed quickly, I will have mold growing on my wooden deck in short order.
The extent of black mold symptoms depends upon the number of spores inhaled and the duration of exposure. Black mold easily causes mold allergy symptoms, and symptoms likely persist until you get rid of the the black mold. Sometimes people don’t realize the health problems they’re having are actually black mold symptoms. Black mold is not something to ignore because it only gets worse the longer you ignore it.
My mold problem is in the ceiling, caused by a leak in the roof, which has been fixed. Are these solutions mentioned for inside the house safe, effective, and legal for this kind of problem and what precautions should be used?
Hi Karen……google “paradigm change me, what do I do with my stuff”. This is a very good artical that explains what you should throw out and WHY in detail. I have found it to be very helpful. This isn’t an easy thing to do…dealing with all the loose we all have to deal with but if we want to get better we have to make hard decisions.
Mold spores will grow unabated in dark areas of a basement. If you have carpet in the basement and it gets wet for any reason (and not allowed to dry properly), you will have a mold farm in short order.
Storey E, Dangman KH, Schench P, DeBernardo RL, Yang CS, Bracher A, Hodgson MJ. Guidance for clinicians on the recognition and management of health effects related to mold exposure and moisture indoors. Farmington (CT): University of Connecticut Health Center, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Center for Indoor Environments and Health; 2004.
If you do opt to go the conventional route and use bleach to clean up black mold, never mix bleach with ammonia or any other household cleaning product. Doing so can cause extremely dangerous and even fatal fumes. (12)
Use the spray bottle to spray and wipe away any remaining mold areas from the rubber seal. Be sure to pull/push it gently to get in the grooves where moisture can grow and mold can develop. Wearing rubber gloves will protect your hands from the bleach.
I just had one of my cats urine tested for mycotoxins from real time labs and it came back as Gliotoxin and it’s a very nasty one. When I looked it up it said that these toxins can’t ever be pulled out of tissue and will remain imbedded because they have especially sharp hooks. They cause DNA/RNA damage as well. I want to cry. I probably have them too. Now I’m crying. This sucks.
How do we find a certified specialist to come inspect for mold once we have done the HERMI test? I’ve spend hundreds of dollars on inspectors, but they don’t understand CIRS patients. I live in a small county in Missouri so I don’t have allot of options locally. Kansas City is the nearest big city to me. I hope you can help! Thanks
Publications in 2007, 2010, and 2011 did not substantially change those findings.8,9,10,11 They reiterate that there is evidence to support an association between damp spaces, indoor mold, and respiratory illnesses. Therefore, whether the precise cause is mold or an accompanying indoor contaminant, spending time in places damp enough to support the growth of mold is a potential cause of ill health. Whether or not mold is actually seen, finding and fixing the sources of excess moisture are important for health and to keep the structure from being further damaged. Researchers note that, if dampness and mold could be confirmed as a cause of ill health, controlling these conditions would make a substantial contribution to public health.